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发表于 2017-10-11 14:11:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式



a bit (of) 有一点, 一会儿
a few 一些, 少量
a great deal 大量, 许多
a good/great many 大量, 许多
a kind of 一种, 一类
a little 一点, 少许
a lot of 许多, 大量
a number of 一些, 许多
a pair of 一双, 一副
a piece of 一块(张, 根, 片)
above all 首先, 首要
according to 根据, 按照
add up to 合计达……
after all 毕竟, 终究
after class 课后
again and again 反复地, 再三地
agree to do sth. 同意做某事
agree with sb. 同意某人的看法
ahead of 在……之前
all in all 总的来说, 总计
all kinds of 各种各样的
all over 到处, 遍及
all right 行,好吧, (病)好了
all the best 一切顺利, 万事如意
answer for 对……负责
apart from 除去, 除了
arrive at (in) a place 到达某地
as a matter of fact 事实上, 其实
as a result (作为)结果
as...as... 像, 如同
as soon as 一……就……
as far as (表示程度, 范围)就……而言
as if 好像, 仿佛
as long as 只要
as though 好像, 仿佛
as usual 通常
as well 也, 还有
as well as 除……之外(也)

Bbelong to 属于
be proud of 骄傲, 自豪
be strict with 对……严格要求
both...and... 两个都, 既…又…
break away from 脱离……
break down 损坏; (把化合物等) 分解, (汽车)抛锚
break in 闯入, 强行进入, 插嘴, 打断
break off 打断; 折断
break out (战争、火灾等)突然发生, 爆发
break up 分解;分裂
bring in 引来, 引进, 吸收
bring on 引起, 使前进
bring up 教育, 培养, 提出, 呕吐
build up 逐步建立
by accident 偶然
by air ( bus, train, ship ) 乘飞机(公共汽车, 火车, 轮船)
by and by 不久以后, 逐渐地
by day 日间, 在白天
by the way 顺便说


call for 提倡, 号召, 需要
call in 召来, 召集
call on 拜访, 访问
call up 号召, 打电话
care for 喜欢;照顾(病人)
carry off 夺去, 获得
carry on 继续下去; 继续开展
carry out 开展, 执行
catch up with 赶上(或超过)
change into 转换成, 把…...变成
check in 报到, 登记
check out 查明; 结账
clear up 整理, 收拾, (天气)放晴
come about 发生, 产生
come across (偶然)遇见(或发现)
come back 回来, 想起来
come down 落, 下来
come from 出生(于), 来自
come in 进入, 进来
come off 从…离开, 脱落
come on 来吧, 赶快
come out 出来,(书)出版, 发行
come to 共计, 达到
come true 变为现实, 成为事实
come up 上来, 上升, 抬头
come up with 追上, 赶上;想出(主意);找出(答案)
compare...to... 把......比作......
compare...with... 把…与...相比较
congratulate...on 祝贺……
connect to 连接, 相连
connect with 与……相连
cut down 砍倒
cut off 切断
cut up 齐根割掉, 切碎


day and night 日日夜夜
do one's best 尽最大的努力
deal with 处理, 对付
depend on (upon) 依靠, 相信, 信赖
die out 消失, 灭亡
different from 与……不同
divide up 分配
divide...into... 把……分成……
do some cleaning (shopping) 做扫除(买东西)
dozens of 几十
drop in 顺便走访(某人)
due to 由于, 因为


each other 相互
earn one's living 谋生
either...or 或者……或者……
enjoy oneself 过得愉快
even if 即使, 尽管
even though 即使, 尽管
ever since 自那时起直到现在


face to face 面对面
fall asleep 入睡
fall ill 患病, 病倒
far away 遥远的
far from 远离
feel like doing 想要做某事
figure out 理解, 想明白
fill...with 用……填充
fill in 填充
find out 查明, 发现, 了解
first of all 首先
for ever 永远
for example 例如
for good 永远
from now on 从今以后, 今后
from then on 从那时起
from... to 从……到……
from time to time 不时, 偶尔


get along with 与……相处
get away 逃脱,离开
get back 返回; 回来; 回家
get close (to) 接近
get down 降下
get down to 开始认真(做某事)
get in 进入, 收获, 达到
get off 脱下(衣服等);下车
get on 上车;过活
get on with sb. 与……相处
get through 通过, 拨通(电话)
get together 聚会, 联欢
get up 起床
give away 分发
give back 归还;送回
give in 屈服, 让步
give out 分发
give up 放弃
go ahead 走在前面, 领先;干吧, 干下去
go away 走开, 离去
go by 走过; 经过; 过去
go fishing (shopping, skating) (去)钓鱼(买东西, 滑冰)
go for 主张
go for a walk 散步
go in for 参加, 喜欢
go off 走开,  爆炸
go on 继续
go on doing... 继续干某事, 不停地干某事
go on with 继续
go out 出去, 熄灭
go over 仔细检查, 复习
go through 浏览, 翻阅, 通过, 经受
grow up 长大成人, 成长


had better (do) 最好(做)
hand in 上交; 交纳
hand out 分发
have a cold 患感冒
hang on (打电话时)不挂断, 等待片刻
hang up 挂断电话
have a gift for 对……有天赋
have a good time 玩得高兴, 过得愉快
have classes 上课
have fun with 玩得高兴
have got to 不得不;必须
have to 不得不;必须
hear of 听说, 知道
hear from 收到……的来信
help oneself to 请随便吃点
help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事
help...out 帮助某人解决困难
hold on 等一等(别挂电话)
hold one's breath 不出气,屏住呼吸
hold out 伸出, 坚持, 维持
hold up 阻挡, 使停顿
hundreds of 几百, 成百上千
hurry up 赶快, 快点


in a hurry 匆忙, 很快地
in all 总之
in a word 简言之, 总之
in common 共同, 共有
in debt 欠债
in danger 处在危险状态
in fact 事实上, 实际上
in front of 在……前面
in need of 需要, 缺少
in order 按顺序
in order that 为了
in order to 为了
in other words 换句话说
in peace 安静, 宁静
in public 当众, 公开
in surprise 吃惊, 惊讶
in the end 最后, 终于
in time 及时, 来得及
instead of 代替, 而不是


join in 参加, 加入
join up 联合起来, 联结起来
just now 现在, 刚才


keep back 隐瞒, 留下, 阻止
keep doing sth. 继续做某事
keep off 勿踏; 勿踩
keep on 继续(进行)
keep one's word 守信
keep up 保持; 维持; 继续
knock at 敲
knock into sb. 撞上


laugh at 嘲笑
lead to 导致, 通向
let in 让……进来, 放进
let out 放掉, 泄露
live on 以…为主食, 靠…为生
look after 照顾
look ahead 向前看, 展望未来
look down upon 看不起, 轻视
look for 寻找
look forward to 盼望
look into 向…里面看去; 调查
look out 留神, 当心
look through 看穿, 浏览
look up 查找
lots of 许多, 大量


make a face 做鬼脸, 做苦脸
make friends with 与……交朋友
make up 编造, 弥补, 和解, 化妆
make up of 由……组成
make up one's mind 下定决心
millions of 成百万上千万, 数以百万计
more or less 或多或少


neither...nor 既不……也不……
next to 紧接着, 相邻, 次于
no doubt 无疑地
no longer 不再
not any more 不再
not at all 一点也不, 绝非
not only ... but also不仅…而且…
not so...as 不像, 不如
not till/until 直到……才
now and then 不时, 偶尔
now that 既然


of course 当然
on (the, an) average 平均, 按平均数计算
on duty 值日, 值班
on foot 走路, 步行
on show 展出, 在上演(放映)
on time 准时
on/over the radio 通过收音机
once again 再一次
once more 再一次
once upon a time 从前, 很久以前
one after another 一个接一个
open up 开启,开创,开辟
or else 否则, 要不然
ought to 应该
out of breath 上气不接下气
out of order 运转不正常, 出毛病
out of work 失业
over and over again 反复, 多次重复


pass by 经过
pay attention to 注意
pay back 偿还(借款等)
pay for 付款
pay off 偿清(欠款等)
persuade sb. to do 说服
pick out 选出
pick up 拾起, 捡起, 接收,开车去接……
point out 指出
point to 指向
prevent...from 防止
put away 储存
put down 记下
put off 推迟
put on 穿, 戴上, 上演
put on a performance 演出
put on weight 发福, 增加体重
put out 扑灭, 关熄
put up 挂起, 举起, 贴(广告等)
put up with 忍受


rather than 而不, 非
refer to 提到, 涉及, 有关
regard... as 把……看作
ring back 回电话
ring off 挂断电话
ring up 打电话给
right away 立即, 马上
right now 立即, 马上
run away 逃跑, 失控
run out of 用完


struggle against 同……作斗争
such as 例如



up and down 上下, 来回
used to sth. 习惯于
used to do sth. 过去常常


wait for 等候, 等待
wake up 醒来, 唤醒
work out 算出, 解决
worry about 担心, 烦恼
wrap up 包好, 伪装
write down 写下, 记下
write to 写信给…...

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